Poverty as a Social Problem of Pakistan

Poverty refers to the condition of not having the means to afford basic human needs
such as clean water, nutrition, health care, clothing and shelter. Poverty is the condition
of having fewer resources or less income than others within a society or country, or
compared to worldwide averages. Poverty is one of the major social problems which
Pakistan is facing. It is one of the most important and sensitive issue not only for Pakistan
but for the whole world. Poverty can cause other social problems like theft, bribe,
corruption, adultery, lawlessness, injustice etc.

Poverty is Pakistan’s biggest problem which today’s Pakistan facing, it is interconnected
with several elements which are having direct or indirect relationship with poverty.

Pakistan is world’s 6th largest country in terms of population and its population is mostly
rural. The rural population of Pakistan is totally depending on agriculture. As in most
cases where the canal system is lacking or on arid lands, the production of food is limited
as agriculture is said to be subsistence and meager to provide extra costs associated
to quality of life. The quality of life is the measure of development, the more the
development, the better the quality of life. A better life means, better education, health
and sanitation facilities and better future associated for young population. The rural areas
are relatively poor with respect to urban areas and about 33 percent of the population is
living below poverty line.


1. Illiteracy
2. Over-Population
3. Political Instability

4. In-equal distribution of resources by the government.

5. Corruption in the Government departments

6. Old Agriculture Practices


1. Education should be right of the people not the privilege. Free education should be

provided upto university and institutes may be developed in rural areas.

2. Population increase should be controlled

3. Equality in the resources distribution should be done

4. Corruption should be eradicated from the society.

5. Modern reforms in the agriculture may be brought as Pakistan is an agricultural



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