Sociologists define “rural” as those areas which are not urban in nature. The line between
urban and rural is quite arbitrary, rural sociologists define a rural as being an area of
fewer than 1000 people per square mile.
Rural sociology is a new branch of sociology with studies being carried out from
19th century. The main concern of rural sociology came to be the understanding and
diagnosing of the social and economic problems of farmers. More emphasis was placed
on issues such as the internal structures of community life and the changing composition
of rural populations than on their relationships with land or the social aspects of
In Sindh the importance of rural sociology gained recognition after 1947. The agrarian
context occupies special status in the social scientific literature on Sindh. However unlike
studies on caste, village community, gender, study of agrarian relations did not occupy a
central position in Sindhi sociology.
In Pakistan and especially in Sindh, the focus of the Government is on the urban areas
and rural areas are neglected. More than 70% of the population of Sindh lives in rural
areas and keeping in view the importance of the agriculture, it is necessary to provide
all the basic facilities to the rural people.